Nouvelles parutions

Going Indochinese



Going Indochinese: Contesting Concepts of Space and Place in French Indochinese

Christopher E. Goscha


Why, Benedict Anderson once asked, did Javanese become Indonesian in 1945 whereas the Vietnamese balked at becoming Indochinese? In this classic study, Goscha shows that Vietnamese of all political colours came remarkably close to building a modern national identity based on the colonial model of Indochina while Lao and Cambodian nationalists rejected this precisely because it represented a Vietnamese entity. Specialists of French colonial, Vietnamese, Southeast Asia and nationalism studies will all find much of value in Goscha’s provocative rethinking of the relationship between colonialism and nationalism in Indochina.

First published in 1995, the revised edition of this remarkable study is augmented with new material by the author and a foreword by Eric Jennings.

Borneo Transformed: Agricultural Expansion on the Southeast Asian Frontier



Borneo Transformed: Agricultural Expansion on the Southeast Asian Frontier

Rodolphe de Koninck, Stephane Bernard and Jean-Francois Bissonnette (Editors)

NUS Press

Since the 1960s, Southeast Asia's agricultural sector has experienced phenomenal growth, with increases in production linked to an energy-intensive capitalization of agriculture and the rapid development of agrifood systems and agribusiness. Agricultural intensification and territorial expansion have been key to this process, with expansion of areas under cultivation playing an unusually important role in the transformation of the countryside and livelihoods of its inhabitants.

Borneo, with vast tracts of land not yet under crops, has been the epicenter of this expansion process, with rubber and oil palm acting as the spearhead. Indonesia's Kalimantan provinces and the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak have all undergone major changes but the time frames have varied, as have the crops involved. Agricultural expansion in Borneo is both an economic and a political process, and it has brought about profound socio-economic transformations, including deforestation, and development of communication networks. There has also been rapid population growth, much faster than in either Indonesia or Malaysia as a whole, with attendant pressures on employment, housing and social services. Until the end of the 20th century, agricultural expansion in Indonesia and Malaysia was largely state driven, with the goal of poverty reduction. Subsequently, as in Borneo, boom crop expansion has been taken over by private corporations that are driven by profit maximization rather than poverty reduction.

Oligarchisme et caciquisme : dérives et attributs de l’État philippin contemporain



Chapitre de livre

Oligarchisme et caciquisme : dérives et attributs de l’État philippin contemporain

dans, L’État néopatrimonial : genèse et trajectoires contemporaines, Daniel C. Bach et Mamoudou Gazibo (dir.).

Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa

En février 2006, alors que les Philippines s’apprêtaient à fêter les 20 ans de la révolte populaire qui avait mis fin à la dictature de Ferdinand Marcos, la présidente Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo proclamait l’état d’urgence. Déclarant qu’elle venait de déjouer une tentative de coup militaire planifiée par un certain nombre d’officiers des forces d’élite, elle interdisait les rassemblements populaires, imposait un couvre‑feu et autorisait des arrestations sans mandat. Simultanément, elle accusait également la gauche communiste d’avoir concocté une alliance tactique avec ces militaires afin de renverser le gouvernement. Un peu plus d’une semaine plus tard, soit le 3 mars, G. Macapagal-Arroyo annonçait qu’elle était en mesure de lever l’état d’urgence, affirmant que le calme était revenu et qu’elle était à même de contrôler la situation.





Christopher Goscha

Armand Collin

Presque soixante ans après la chute de la garnison française à Dien Bien Phu, nous connaissons toujours mal l'autre côté combattant. Le « phénomène Viet Minh » est toujours expliqué soit comme la manifestation d'un patriotisme vietnamien « éternel » soit comme l'incarnation du « totalitarisme » communiste. Se basant sur des sources vietnamiennes inédites, Christopher Goscha rompt avec ces interprétations pour analyser la manière dont les nationalistes vietnamiens conduits par le Parti communiste forgèrent un véritable Etat dans la perspective de mener l'effort de guerre, de préserver son assise territoriale et de projeter dans l'avenir la souveraineté nationale. Goscha remet également en cause le mythe d'une simple « guerre de guérilla » asymétrique opposant le colonisé au colonisateur. Grâce à l'assistance sino-soviétique, les communistes vietnamiens entamèrent une conversion vers une forme moderne de guerre conventionnelle et à cet effet, mirent sur pied une armée professionnelle. Pour réussir cette transition, le Parti accentua sa mainmise sur l'Etat, la société et l'armée. Le Parti instaura simultanément une révolution sociale radicale, non seulement pour mobiliser toujours plus de forces mais aussi pour remodeler l'Etat et la société selon le moule communiste. L'histoire du Vietnam contemporain ne se réduit pas à « la » guerre, mais assurément elle fut sa matrice. En somme, l'Etat vietnamien a fait la guerre autant que la guerre a fait l'Etat.

Historical Dictionary of the Indochina War (1945-1954)




An International and Interdisciplinary Approach

Christopher E. Goscha

NIAS Press

Key points
* First dictionary in English of the Indochina War (1945–54).
* More than a simple military or political history of the conflict.
* Adopts a path-breaking dual international and interdisciplinary approach to explore social, cultural, and economic themes underpinning the conflict.
* Demonstrates the remarkable international context of what previously was regarded a simple Franco-Vietnamese war of decolonization.

This first historical dictionary in English of the Indochina War (1945–54) provides the most comprehensive account to date of one of the most important conflicts of the twentieth century. Using over 1,600 personally researched and crafted entries, Goscha provides in-depth, expert coverage of the Indochina War in all its dimensions.

A succinct historical introduction frames the dictionary. Rather than settling for a strictly politico-military account of the war, the author adopts a path-breaking dual international and interdisciplinary approach. Thus, readers will not only find information on politics and military campaigns; they will also discover the remarkable impact this war had on intellectual, social, cultural, economic and artistic domains in France, Indochina and elsewhere. Indeed, rather than limiting the dictionary to the French and their Vietnamese adversaries, Goscha explores the internationalization of this conflict from its beginning in September 1945 at Ba Dinh square in Hanoi to its end around the Cold War conference table in Geneva in July 1954. Similarly, while most authors focus on the French Fourth Republic and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the two main protagonists in this conflict, Goscha makes it clear that a myriad of other non-communist Vietnamese, Lao and Cambodian nationalists were deeply involved in this war and its outcome.

In addition to its 1,600 entries, the dictionary contains a succinct historical introduction, selected bibliography, maps, illustrations, and tables. A massive work of outstanding scholarly quality and lasting value, this is a reference tool that will be invaluable for researchers, students and anyone else interested to better understand the complexity of this tragic conflict.

Moving Mountains: Ethnicity and Livelihoods in Highlands China, Vietnam and Laos




Edited by Jean Michaud and Tim Forsyth

University of British Colombia Press

The mountainous borderlands of socialist China, Vietnam, and Laos are home to some 70 million people, representing an astonishing array of ethnic diversity. How are these peoples fashioning livelihoods now that their homeland is open to economic investment and political change?

Moving Mountains presents the work of anthropologists, geographers, and political economists with first-hand experience in the Southeast Asian Massif. Together, they show that the parallel experiences of ethnic minorities in these three socialist regimes offer a unique opportunity to explore the intersection of ethnicity, livelihood, and state-society relations. Case studies on groups such as the Drung in Yunnan, the Khmu in Laos, and the Hmong in Vietnam document the experiences of such minorities under socialist regimes and how their lives are changing under more open political and economic conditions.

Although scholars have typically represented highland people as marginalized and powerless, Moving Mountains argues that they draw on culture and ethnicity to indigenize modernity and maintain their livelihoods. This unprecedented glimpse into a poorly understood region shows that development initiatives must be built on strong knowledge of local cultures in order to have lasting effect.

Transnationalizing Women’s Movements




Edited by Pascal Dufour, Dominique Masson and Dominique Caouette

University of British Columbia Press

Scholars of social movements tend to overlook the achievements and political significance of women’s movements. Through theoretical discussions and empirical examples, Solidarities beyond Borders demonstrates the creativity and dynamism of transnational women’s movements around the world.

These timely case studies from North America, Latin America, and Southeast Asia introduce feminists, activists, and scholars to the benefits and challenges of building relationships, dialogues, and perspectives that extend beyond the boundaries of nation-states and disciplines. Part 1 opens a dialogue between feminist theorists and scholars of social movements in other disciplines -- geographers, anthropologists, sociologists, and political scientists. Part 2 explores how the mutual recognition of interests and identities among feminist activists and women’s organizations can deepen solidarities. Part 3 focuses on the challenges that feminists and women’s groups will face as they build solidarities beyond borders but argues that these links can be extended to embrace other progressive movements and their goals.

Solidarities beyond Borders not only brings to light the opportunities and challenges that globalization poses for transnationalizing women’s movements, it also offers important strategic, conceptual, and methodological lessons for all social movements.

Agrarian Angst and Rural Resistance in Contemporary Southeast Asia




Edited by Dominique Caouette and Sarah Turner


Agrarian transformations, market integration and globalization processes are impacting upon rural Southeast Asia with increasingly complex and diverse consequences. In response, local citizens inhabitants are devising a broad range of resistance measures that they feel will best protect or improve their livelihoods, ensure greater social justice and equity, or allow them to just be left alone. This book develops a multi-scalar approach to examine such resistance occurring in relation to agrarian transformations in the Southeast Asian region.

The contributors take a fresh look at the diversity of sites of struggle and the combinations of resistance measures being utilizsed in contemporary Southeast Asia. They reveal that open public conflicts and debates are taking place between dominators and the oppressed, at the same time as covert critiques of power and everyday forms of resistance. The authors book shows how resistance measures are context contingent, shaped by different world views, and shift according to local circumstances, the opening and closing of political opportunity structures, and the historical peculiarities of resistance dynamics.

By providing new conceptual approaches and illustrative case studies that cut across scales and forms, this book will be of interest to academics and students in comparative politics, sociology, human geography, environmental studies, cultural anthropology and Southeast Asian studies. It will also help to further debate and action among academics, activists and policymakers.

Connecting Histories: Decolonization and the Cold War in Southeast Asia




Edited by Christopher E. Goscha and Christian F. Ostermann

Stanford University Press

Connecting Histories draws on newly available archival documentation from both Western and Asian countries to explore decolonization, the Cold War, and the establishment of a new international order in post-World War II Southeast Asia. Major historical forces intersected here—of power, politics, economics, and culture on trajectories East to West, North to South, across the South itself, and along less defined tracks. Especially important democratic-communist competitions sought the loyalties of Southeast Asian nationalists, even as some colonial powers sought to resume their prewar dominance. These intersections are the focus of the contributions to this book, which use new sources and approaches to examine some of the most important historical trajectories of the 20th century in Burma, Vietnam, Malaysia, and a number of other countries.


L’échec de la paix en Indochine? L'Indochine entre les deux accords de Genève (1954-1962)













Sous la direction de Christopher E. Goscha et Karine Laplante

Les Indes savantes

En juillet 1954, un accord signé à Genève confirme le retrait français du Vietnam, établit un plan pour décider de la forme des États qui remplaceront l’Indochine coloniale, faisant naître l’espoir que la paix allait s’installer dans cette partie du monde. Il n’en fut rien. La lutte pour l’Indochine se poursuivit aux niveaux local, régional et international, à tel point qu’une deuxième conférence (Genève, 1961-1962) s’ouvrit pour régler une nouvelle crise. Rien ne fut réglé : l’Indochine devait demeurer, jusqu’en 1991, un foyer de guerres dans le système international. Des milliers d’ouvrages ont été écrits sur les guerres d’Indochine, mais les tentatives de résoudre les conflits indochinois par la paix ont généré beaucoup moins d’intérêt, alors que cette période charnière située entre 1954 et 1962 est essentielle afin de comprendre les raisons pour lesquelles l’Indochine est restée lieu et objet de tensions dans le système international et pourquoi la paix fut un échec. Ce travail collectif est également l’occasion d’étudier comment le système international générait des imbrications, transversale entre l’Est et l’Ouest, et verticale entre le Nord et le Sud.